The 20th century was the bloodiest in world history. Over two hundred million people died in World War II alone. The wars that took place this century left a number of countries with deep scars and long memories. But which war do we remember the most? Join us as we explore the top five famous wars in 20th Century History and why they still resonate today.
World War I – 20th Century History
World War I was the first of the wars that took place this century. The fight for world war 1 starts in 1914-1918 and left 15 million people dead.
WWI sparked by a series of assassinations in 1914, which led to extensive diplomatic tension between Russia, France, Britain, and Germany. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who would have been the heir to be emperor of Austria-Hungary, caused the European powers to mobilize their armies for war. This led to a domino effect where one country after another found themselves at war with each other. When Russia began mobilizing its forces against Germany, Germany declared war on Russia’s ally France. Soon enough all major European powers allied against each other.
The alliances created during this period are still in place today, as seen in the events that took place in July 2014 when Russia annexed Crimea from Ukraine citing an agreement with France to protect ethnic Russians in Sevastopol.
World War I ends on November 11th, 1918, Europe exhausted and had lost an estimated 10 million soldiers along with 7 million civilian casualties. The reconstruction effort following World War I led many countries into heavy debt that they are still struggling to repay today.
World War II – 20th Century History
World War II was a war, unlike anything the world had seen before. It lasted for six years and resulted in the deaths of over 59 million people. The United States, which got involved after Pearl Harbor, emerged from World War II as one of the only undefeated major powers.
But why do we remember World War II so vividly? Why is it still relevant today?
The reason is simple: World War II marked a fundamental change in warfare strategy. Previous wars limited to small battlefields, but the sheer scope of World War II required a new way to fight. Airplanes and tanks used in ways that have never been seen before. In addition, the Nazis systematically killed an estimated 11 million civilians and prisoners of war with gas chambers. These atrocities radically changed our understanding of what constitutes a military victory and led to new international laws on warfare.
The Korean War – 20th Century History
In August of 1950, North Korea invaded South Korea. The United States and the United Nations gave military and economic assistance to the South Koreans. The war lasted for three years, ending in a stalemate that left much of the country decimated.
The Korean War is considered one of the most influential wars in this century. America’s involvement in the conflict led to a historic number of U.S. casualties: 54,246 Americans died during the war and 103,284 were wounded. But despite these staggering numbers, America held its ground and eventually brought peace to another conflict-ridden region of the world.
The Korean War also contributed to China’s decision not to get involved with Vietnam during its fight against American forces. As we know now, this contributed largely to America’s eventual withdrawal from Vietnam without establishing a communist government there – which was its original goal.
The Vietnam War – 20th Century History
The Vietnam War had the longest casualty list of any war in the 20th century. More than 2 million people died during the conflict, both soldiers and civilians.
Fought between 1955-1975, the war was between South Vietnam and North Vietnam on one side and America on the other. It ended with America’s withdrawal from Vietnam after it became clear that they couldn’t win the war.
Why does this war still resonate today?
The Vietnam War still remember because of its controversial legacy. The Vietnamese government blames America for the deaths of more than 2 million civilians during the war – an issue that remains unresolved to this day.
This war also marked a turning point in America’s involvement in international conflicts, as they realized their military might wasn’t enough to win every battle.
The Afghanistan War – 20th Century History
The war in Afghanistan has been raging for over two decades. It is the longest conflict in American history and one of the longest in modern history. After 9/11, the United States invaded Afghanistan to take out Al-Qaeda. The Taliban removed from power, but many insurgents remain active today.
This war has had an enormous impact on the region, with over 100,000 Afghan civilians killed. It has also caused problems for other countries like Pakistan, where there are regular skirmishes between militants and military forces.
The aftermath of this war is still felt today; last month’s attack on Kabul’s airport resulted in over 100 deaths and left 250 others injured.
How the wars influenced America?
The United States was a major player in the wars of the 20th century. In World War I, for example, America played an important role in supplying troops and resources to its allies. American troops were present on European soil during the war, but they did not see much fighting.
After World War II, America saw more military action. The United States aided in rebuilding European nations while simultaneously working to secure the country’s interests in post-war Europe.
Many Americans believe that involvement in World War II was crucial to the nation’s development and prosperity because it provided an economic stimulus and helped to establish America as a global superpower.
The 20th century was a time of great war. With five major world wars, it is difficult to choose the most important one. World War I, World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the Afghanistan War are all significant in their own right. It is up to you to decide which one is the most important.